The registration of Seif al-Islam Kadhafi, son of slain dictator Moamer Kadhafi to run for next month’s presidential election causes controversy amongst Libyans.
Libya’s first-ever direct presidential poll, with a first-round on December 24, would mark the climax of a process launched last year by the United Nations to try to draw a line under years of violence since the revolt that toppled Kadhafi in 2011.
“I consider Seif’s nomination as unfair because he is still wanted by the International Criminal Court and has many rulings against him, in addition to the fact that he is a controversial figure.” Nizar al-Hadi, Tripoli resident said.
“(If Libyans accepted Seif) we will then forget the past. If a general amnesty took place and only important issues were taken care of, such as public money and war crimes, without the existence of internal matters and vengeance, then I think he can succeed and Libya would develop.”
Wanted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for crimes against humanity allegedly committed during the NATO-backed uprising, Seif al-Islam completed “all the required legal conditions”, the election commission said on Sunday.
“Seif al-Islam Kadhafi submitted… his candidacy for the presidential election to the High National Electoral Commission office in the city of Sebha,” it said in a statement.
The 49-year-old, sporting a salt-and-pepper beard, recited a verse from the Koran and thanked those assisting him, saying: “God bless you”, video footage showed.
The commission released pictures showing Seif al-Islam dressed in a traditional bedouin robe and headdress. He was issued with a voter registration card for the southern Sebha district.
Libya last Monday opened registration for candidates in presidential and parliamentary polls.
Both are slated for December 24, but in early October parliament split the dates of the vote by postponing legislative elections until January.
– Political comeback –
Foreign powers have been pushing hard for both elections to be still held on the same date, as agreed at UN-led talks last year.
Speculation had been mounting for months over a possible presidential bid by Seif al-Islam, who was also sentenced to death by a Tripoli court in 2017 for crimes committed during the revolt.
In July, Seif al-Islam emerged from years in the shadows and told The New York Times he was planning a political comeback.
In a rare interview, he said he wanted to “restore the lost unity” of Libya after a decade of chaos.
“I’ve been away from the Libyan people for 10 years. You need to come back slowly, slowly. Like a striptease. You need to play with their minds a little,” the paper quoted him as saying.
Until the interview, Seif al-Islam had not been seen or heard from since June 2014, when he appeared via video link from Zintan, in the west of the country, during his trial by the Tripoli court.
Although the court sentenced him to death in absentia, a rival administration in the east pardoned him in a decision never confirmed by authorities in Tripoli.
The militia that was holding him in Zintan has repeatedly refused to hand him over to The Hauge-based ICC, and freed him in 2017.
A spokesman for the ICC, Fadi Abdallah, told Libya’s Al-Ahrar television that the court still wants Seif al-Islam.
– ‘Crossroads’ –
Analysts say Seif al-Islam’s bid for the presidency will be problematic for Libya’s electoral process.
“This is only going to complicate the electoral process further,” said Wolfram Lacher, a senior associate at the German Institute for International and Security Affairs.
World powers meeting in Paris warned Friday that Libya was at a “crossroads” which would determine its future.
“We urge all Libyan stakeholders and candidates to respect their commitments towards holding elections on 24 December 2021 (and) to accept the results of free, fair and inclusive elections,” they said in a statement.
Despite a year of relative peace following a ceasefire between eastern and western camps, the process has been overshadowed by wrangling over the legal basis for the votes and the powers attached.
Jalel Harchaoui, a Libya specialist at the Global Initiative think-tank, said that “the fact that Seif has submitted his candidacy can only add to the fragility of the election project”.
Speculation has also been mounting over possible presidential bids by eastern-based military chief Khalifa Haftar and current Prime Minister Abdulhamid Dbeibah.
Former interior minister Fathi Bashagha has confirmed he will run, while others expected to do so include diplomats Aref al-Nayed and Ibrahim Dabbachi, as well as comedian Hatem al-Kour.
“On December 24, Libyans will be able to choose a president… from among a former aggressor, a man who committed war crimes to seize power, and another one known for his obscene corruption,” said Tarek Megerisi, a senior policy fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations.
He was alluding to Seif al-Islam, Haftar and Dbeibah.